When gum recession occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum reconstruction using grafting techniques is an option.
When there is only minor recession, some healthy firm gum tissue or “gingiva” often remains and protects the tooth, so that no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when recession occurs in an area with no firm gum tissue, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost. The lack of firm gum tissue will also allow for more rapid recession along the root surface.
In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. When significant, gum recession can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel, leading to root caries and root gouging.
Although the procedure frequently involves the use of gum tissue taken from the palatal area, we use specialized collagen material and a “comfort appliance” to help your palate heal faster with almost no post-operative discomfort. In some cases tissue from the palate is not necessary or we are able to utilize collagen graft materials to achieve the desired result.
The gingival graft procedure is highly predictable and results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth. With gum tissue grafting our team can restore lost gum tissue and cover unsightly and sensitive root surfaces to prevent further deterioration of your condition.
Gum Grafting Overview
For a brief narrated overview of the gum grafting process, please click the image below. It will launch our educational MiniModule in a separate window that may answer some of your questions about gum grafting.